Best Things to Do, See, and Eat in Central Africa

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Central Africa is a region with 11 countries: including Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, and São Tomé and Príncipe.

The region offers various experiences, including exploring national parks teeming with wildlife, discovering vibrant cities, and savoring unique local cuisines. Central Africa’s contrasts and complexities make it a great destination.

Indigenous Groups in Central Africa

Central Africa is home to numerous indigenous groups, each with its distinct way of life. Some of the most prominent groups include:

  1. Mbororo Fulani, Aka, and Litho: These three indigenous groups reside in the Central African Republic. The Mbororo Fulani are nomadic herders who live in the center-east, south-east, and south-west prefectures.
  2. Mbuti, Twa, and BaMbenga: These three large groups of forest peoples are found throughout Central Africa.
  3. River Peoples: Various indigenous groups living along the rivers of Central Africa have unique cultures adapted to their environment.
  4. Zande and Nzakara: These state-forming groups are located in the Central African Republic and are known for their complex social structures.
  5. Aka: The Aka are a hunting-and-gathering group of forest Pygmy peoples who live in the region’s dense forests.

National Parks and Wildlife Reserves

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One of the most compelling reasons to visit Central Africa is its stunning array of national parks and wildlife reserves. These protected areas offer a chance to witness some of the world’s most iconic and endangered species in their natural habitats, while also supporting conservation efforts and local communities.

Manovo-Gounda-Saint Floris National Park

Located in the Central African Republic, this large protected savanna is home to elephants, rhinos, cheetahs, and leopards. It’s a UNESCO World Heritage Site that covers an area of over 17,000 square kilometers.

The park’s remote location and lack of infrastructure make it a true wilderness experience, where visitors can immerse themselves in the raw beauty of the African bush.

Dzanga-Sangha National Park

This vast area of marshland and tropical rainforest spans Cameroon, the Central African Republic, and Congo. It is part of the UNESCO-listed Sangha Trinational. It offers an astonishing array of biodiversity.

The park is particularly renowned for its populations of forest elephants, western lowland gorillas, and bongo antelopes, as well as its rare and elusive forest buffalo. Visitors explore the park on foot or by boat, accompanied by experienced guides.

Loango National Park, Gabon

Located on the Atlantic coast of Gabon, Loango National Park is a unique and stunning destination that combines pristine beaches, dense rainforest, and open savanna.

The park is home to a wide variety of wildlife, including forest elephants, lowland gorillas, red river hogs, and even surfing hippos that can be seen riding the waves along the shoreline. It’s also explored on foot, by boat, or kayak.

Virunga National Park, Democratic Republic of the Congo

Virunga National Park is Africa’s oldest national park and a vital stronghold for the critically endangered mountain gorilla. It also hosts other rare and threatened species such as okapis, chimpanzees, and forest elephants.

You can trek through the park’s lush forests to encounter these magnificent creatures up close, while also supporting the park’s conservation efforts and the local communities that depend on its resources.

Other Parks to Consider

  1. Waza National Park: Situated in Cameroon, this scenic park is known for its elephants, giraffes, lions, tigers, chimpanzees, and gorillas.
  2. Zakouma National Park: As the first national park in Chad, Zakouma is home to lions and elephants, offering stunning sundowner views.
  3. Lopé National Park: Located in Gabon, this vast protected rainforest and savanna is home to elephants, primates, and a research center.

Popular Places in Central Africa

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With 11 countries in the region, there is no shortage of places to explore in Central Africa. Here are some highlights:

  1. Oubangui River, Central African Republic: This large river separates the Central African Republic from the Democratic Republic of Congo, and walking along the river in Bangui is considered a pleasant experience.
  2. Zinga, Central African Republic: This small town outside Bangui attracts many tourists with its authentic wooden houses.
  3. Bouar, Central African Republic: This town has around 70 groups of megalithic stones, dating back to the Neolithic era. The formations are on the tentative list of UNESCO World Sites.
  4. Luanda, Angola: The capital of Angola, Luanda has undergone significant development in recent years and is now a bustling metropolis.
  5. Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo: As the most populous city in Africa, Kinshasa is a vibrant and culturally diverse hub.
  6. Yaoundé, Cameroon: Known for its pleasant climate and green spaces, the capital of Cameroon, and a major political and cultural center.
  7. Douala, Cameroon: As Cameroon’s largest city and economic hub, Douala offers a mix of modern development and traditional culture.

Culinary Flavors of Central Africa

No exploration of Central Africa would be complete without delving into its rich and diverse culinary traditions. From the savory stews and grilled meats of the savanna to the fresh seafood and tropical fruits of the coast, the region offers a wealth of delicious and unique flavors to discover.

Staple Foods and Popular Dishes

Cassava, a starchy root vegetable, is a staple food throughout much of Central Africa, often served boiled, fried, or ground into flour for use in various dishes.

Other popular staples include plantains, yams, and sweet potatoes, which are often served alongside meat or fish stews seasoned with aromatic spices such as cumin, ginger, and chili peppers.

One of the most popular dishes in the region is chicken and cumin stew, a hearty and flavorful dish that is often served with rice or fufu, a dough made from cassava or plantain flour.

Another beloved street food is chichinga, skewered and grilled goat meat that is often seasoned with a spicy peanut sauce.

Egusi Sauce and Other Regional Specialties

Egusi sauce, made from ground melon seeds and often served with fish or meat, is a beloved dish throughout much of Central Africa. The sauce is rich and creamy, with a slightly nutty flavor that pairs well with a variety of ingredients.

Other regional specialties include makara, a type of fried dough that is popular in Gabon, and ngunja, a spicy fish stew that is a staple in Equatorial Guinea.

In Chad, you can sample daraba, a thick porridge made from millet or sorghum flour often served with toppings such as sugar, milk, or butter.

Fresh Fruits and Seafood

Central Africa is also known for its abundant fresh produce, with a wide variety of tropical fruits such as pineapples, mangoes, and papayas available year-round.

Along the coast, seafood is a major part of the local diet, with fresh fish, shrimp, and oysters often grilled or served in spicy stews.

In Cameroon, visitors can sample the famous Limbe shrimp, a type of large, succulent shrimp that is grilled and served with a spicy dipping sauce.

In São Tomé and Príncipe, the island nation off the coast of Central Africa, visitors can sample a variety of fresh seafood dishes such as grilled fish with plantains and calulu, a stew made with fish, okra, and palm oil.

Adventure and Exploration: Hidden Corners of Central Africa

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From trekking through remote rainforests to navigating the winding waterways of the Congo Basin, there are endless ways to immerse oneself in the region’s wild and untamed beauty.

Trekking and Wildlife Encounters

One of the most rewarding ways to experience Central Africa’s natural wonders is through trekking and wildlife encounters.

In addition to the mountain gorilla treks offered in Virunga National Park, there are guided treks to see lowland gorillas in Dzanga-Sangha National Park or chimpanzees in Nouabalé-Ndoki National Park in the Republic of the Congo.

For those interested in birding, the Albertine Rift region of Central Africa is home to an incredible diversity of bird species, many of which are found nowhere else on Earth.

Guided birding tours can take visitors through the region’s montane forests and wetlands, offering a chance to spot rare and endemic species such as the Rwenzori turaco and the Grauer’s broadbill.

River Expeditions and Fishing

The Congo Basin, which covers much of Central Africa, is home to an extensive network of rivers and tributaries that offer endless opportunities for exploration and adventure.

There are guided river expeditions by boat or kayak, navigating through dense rainforests and past remote villages and wildlife habitats.

Fishing is also a popular activity in many parts of Central Africa, with the region’s rivers and lakes home to a wide variety of fish species such as tigerfish, Nile perch, and catfish.

In the Central African Republic, the Oubangui River is a popular destination for sport fishing, with guided trips available for those looking to land a trophy catch.

Waterfalls and Churches

In addition to its national parks, Central Africa is also home to stunning waterfalls you don’t want to miss.

Calandula Falls (Angola) – Accessible from hiking paths and lookout points, these dramatic waterfalls provide a breathtaking sight for nature lovers.

Chutes de Boali (Central African Republic) – Located about 100 kilometers northwest of Bangui, this series of waterfalls is a popular destination for both locals and tourists.

Cultural Festivals and Celebrations

Many communities throughout the region hold annual festivals and events that showcase traditional music, dance, and arts.

In Gabon, the Bwiti festival is an important cultural and spiritual event that involves music, dance, and the use of the iboga plant, a traditional medicinal and spiritual aid.

In the Central African Republic, the Bayaka people hold an annual festival called the Dingui, which involves mask dances, storytelling, and other cultural performances.


Central Africa is a region that captivates the imagination with its incredible diversity and rich cultural heritage. From the awe-inspiring landscapes of its national parks to the vibrant energy of its cities and towns, this part of the world offers an unparalleled array of experiences for intrepid travelers.

The warmth and resilience of the people, the untamed beauty of the wilderness, and the depth and complexity of the region’s history and traditions all combine to create some of the best corners of the continent.

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