Best Things to Do, See, and Eat in East Africa

Best Things to Do, See, and Eat in East Africa

East Africa is a region brimming with diverse experiences that cater to a wide range of interests. From thrilling wildlife safaris in the iconic Maasai Mara and Serengeti to exploring ancient cultures along Ethiopia’s Omo River and marveling at the historic rock-hewn churches of Lalibela, this region offers an unparalleled array of adventures.

This blog post covers the best things to do, see, and eat in this region brimming with diverse experiences catering to a wide range of interests.

Wildlife and Safaris

African lion at lake in Serengeti
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Maasai Mara National Reserve, Kenya

Maasai Mara National Reserve, Kenya The Maasai Mara is one of the most renowned safari destinations in the world, offering the chance to see the Big Five (lion, leopard, elephant, rhino, and buffalo) and witness the spectacular wildebeest migration. Cultural visits to Maasai villages provide a glimpse into traditional lifestyles and customs.

Serengeti National Park, Tanzania

Known for its vast plains and diverse wildlife, the Serengeti is home to the annual wildebeest migration, where millions of these majestic creatures traverse the landscape.

Keep an eye out for lions, elephants, and rhinos during your safari, and consider taking a hot-air balloon ride for a unique perspective of the park.

Ngorongoro Crater, Tanzania

This ancient collapsed volcano is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and boasts an incredible density of wildlife within its walls. Descend into the crater to spot the Big Five and learn about the conservation efforts aimed at protecting the critically endangered black rhino population.

Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda

Venture into the dense forests of Bwindi for an unforgettable gorilla trekking experience. Encounter these gentle giants in their natural habitat and support the conservation initiatives that protect this critically endangered species.

Queen Elizabeth National Park, Uganda

Marvel at the tree-climbing lions of Ishasha and embark on a chimpanzee trekking adventure in Kyambura Gorge. The park’s diverse landscapes, including savannas, forests, and wetlands, are home to various wildlife, making it an ideal destination for a comprehensive safari experience.

Natural Wonders

Kilimanjaro Climbers
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Mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania

As the tallest peak in Africa, climbing Mount Kilimanjaro is a challenging but rewarding adventure. The journey takes you through diverse ecosystems, from lush rainforests to alpine deserts, before reaching the snow-capped summit with its breathtaking views.

Lake Nakuru, Kenya

This shallow soda lake is renowned for its massive flocks of flamingos, which create a stunning pink hue against the backdrop of the park’s diverse wildlife. Explore the surrounding area to spot numerous other bird species and mammals, such as baboons, warthogs, and zebras.

Danakil Depression, Ethiopia

The Danakil Depression is a unique geological wonder characterized by its extreme environment, with temperatures often soaring above 50°C (122°F).

This otherworldly landscape features colorful mineral formations, acid lakes, and active volcanoes, making it a destination for intrepid travelers seeking an extraordinary experience.

Historical and Cultural Sites

Church in Lalibela
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Lalibela, Ethiopia

Step back in time as you explore the 11 rock-hewn churches of Lalibela, carved out of solid rock in the 12th and 13th centuries. These monolithic structures are architectural marvels and important pilgrimage sites for Ethiopian Orthodox Christians.

Omo River Region, Ethiopia

The Omo River Region is home to a mosaic of ancient cultures that have remained largely unchanged for centuries. Engage with traditional tribal communities, such as the Mursi, Karo, and Hamer, and learn about their unique customs, rituals, and artistry.

Lamu Island, Kenya

This tropical paradise off the coast of Kenya boasts a rich history and well-preserved Swahili architecture. The narrow streets of Lamu Old Town, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, offer a laid-back atmosphere on this car-free island.

Beaches and Relaxation

Seychelles, East Africa
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Zanzibar, Tanzania

With its pristine white sand beaches and crystal-clear turquoise waters, Zanzibar is the perfect destination for a relaxing getaway. The island’s rich history and cultural sites, such as Stone Town offer aromatic spices that have made Zanzibar famous.


This archipelago of 115 islands in the Indian Ocean is renowned for its stunning beaches, lush vegetation, and vibrant marine life. Engage in world-class diving and snorkeling experiences, or simply unwind on the soft white sands of these picture-perfect islands.

Diani Beach, Kenya

Located on Kenya’s southern coast, Diani Beach offers a tranquil escape with its long stretch of white sand and warm, inviting waters. There’s a variety of water sports, such as snorkeling, kitesurfing, deep-sea fishing, and a sunset dhow cruise to appreciate the breathtaking coastal scenery.

Food and Cuisine

Injera - Best Things to Eat in East Africa
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East African cuisine is a delightful fusion of local ingredients, aromatic spices, and diverse cultural influences. Some must-try dishes include:

  • Nyama Choma: Roasted meats, typically goat or beef, served with a side of kachumbari (tomato and onion salad), ugali (cornmeal mush), and chili peppers.
  • Pili Pili Sauce: A spicy condiment made from habanero peppers, perfect for adding a kick to grilled meats and stews.
  • Injera (Ethiopian flatbread) – A staple of Ethiopian cuisine, injera is a sourdough flatbread made from teff flour. It is often used as a base for various stews and dishes, such as wat and tibs.
  • Mandazi (fried dough): Similar to a doughnut, mandazi are fried dough treats that can be enjoyed plain or dusted with sugar, making them a popular choice for a sweet snack or breakfast item.
  • Samosas and bajias – Popular snacks in East Africa, samosas are fried or baked pastries filled with spiced meat or vegetables, while bajias are fried potato and onion fritters.
  • Mahindi Choma: Grilled corn on the cob, often seasoned with chili powder and lime juice.
  • Chips Mayai: A popular street food consisting of french fries mixed with beaten eggs and fried until crispy.
  • Wali na Maharage: A staple dish in Tanzania and Kenya, this comforting meal combines the creaminess of coconut milk with the heartiness of rice and beans. It’s served with a flavorful bean stew.
  • Mtori: (banana and beef soup): A traditional Tanzanian soup made with green bananas, beef, and a variety of spices, mtori is a hearty and flavorful dish that showcases the region’s unique culinary heritage.
  • Mishkaki: Skewered and grilled meat, marinated in a blend of spices and served with a side of pilau rice, a spicy dipping sauce, or chapati.
  • Samaki wa Nazi: A fragrant fish curry cooked in coconut milk, popular along the coastal regions.
  • Zanzibar Pizza: A unique take on the Italian classic, Zanzibar pizza is a street food favorite that combines a variety of fillings, such as meat, cheese, and vegetables, wrapped in a thin dough and cooked on a griddle.

Adventure Activities

For thrill-seekers and outdoor enthusiasts, East Africa offers an array of exciting adventures:

  • White Water Rafting on the Nile, Uganda: Navigate the rapids of the Victoria Nile as you take in the stunning scenery of the Murchison Falls National Park.
  • Snorkeling at Diani Beach, Kenya: Explore the vibrant coral reefs and encounter colorful marine life in the warm, crystal-clear waters of the Indian Ocean.
  • Hiking and Trekking: Embark on guided hikes through the region’s diverse landscapes, from the lush rainforests of Uganda’s Bwindi Impenetrable National Park to the rugged peaks of Mount Kenya.
  • Balloon Safaris: Soar above the vast plains of the Maasai Mara and Serengeti in a hot-air balloon, taking in the breathtaking panoramic views and spotting wildlife from a unique perspective.

Cultural Interactions

Maasai culture
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Maasai People in Kenya and Tanzania

Visit traditional Maasai villages to learn about their customs, beliefs, and way of life. Engage in cultural exchanges, participate in traditional dances, and purchase handcrafted jewelry and souvenirs to support the local community.

Kigali, Rwanda

Rwanda’s dynamic capital city has undergone a remarkable transformation in recent years. The moving Kigali Genocide Memorial pays tribute to the genocide victims. Kigali also has a thriving art scene and bustling markets.

Tips for Travelers

Best times to visit – The dry seasons, which typically occur from June to October and December to February, are the best times to visit East Africa for optimal wildlife viewing and pleasant weather.

Accommodations and transportation options – East Africa offers a range of accommodations, from luxury safari lodges to budget-friendly hotels and guesthouses.

Wrap-Up on the Best Things to Do, See, and Eat in East Africa

East Africa is a region that captivates the hearts and minds of travelers with its unparalleled natural beauty, rich cultural heritage, and various opportunities for adventure.

The vast savannas teeming with iconic wildlife, such as the Big Five and the awe-inspiring wildebeest migration, offer some of the best safari experiences.

The culinary landscape of East Africa further enriches the travel experience, with a vibrant mix of flavors and aromatic spices that reflect the region’s history and cultural diversity.

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