Best Things to do in Antananarivo, Madagascar

Best Things to do in Antananarivo - Madagascar

Antananarivo beckons with a vibrant kaleidoscope of historical, cultural, and natural wonders. As the capital of Madagascar unfolds its unique charm, explore the regal heritage at the Royal Hill of Ambohimanga and Rova, Le Palais de la Reine. Dive into the city’s narrative at the Pirate Museum and Maison de Jean Laborde.

Nature lovers find tranquility in parks like Parc Soavinandriamanitra and Lemurs’ Park. Antananarivo’s markets, culinary scenes, and lively festivals add cultural layers to this adventure. Join us in unraveling the best experiences, promising an unforgettable journey through Antananarivo‘s hidden gems.

Historical and Cultural Attractions

Historical and Cultural Attractions - Source wikipedia
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Royal Hill of Ambohimanga

Ambohimanga, on the Malagasy Central Highlands, bears witness to Malagasy civilization from the 15th to the 19th century, embodying spiritual and cultural traditions. As the cradle of the Malagasy kingdom, it’s tied to strong identity and religious values, marked by royal tombs, places of worship, and archaeological evidence.

The site includes fortifications, a royal city, palaces, sacred sites, and a primary forest with endemic species. Illustrating human and political history, Ambohimanga provides a strategic view and represents a model of Malagasy and European architecture. The sacred site, associated with historical events and living beliefs, showcases Austronesian and African culture, attracting Malagasy people for centuries.

Rova – Le Palais de la Reine

Perched on one of the city’s highest hills, it is visible for kilometers. Since at least the 17th century, the site served as a significant royal Merina garrison, giving the city its name, Antananarivo, the “City of a Thousand” (warriors). Under the reigns of Andrianampoinimerina (1787-1810), unifier of Imerina, and Radama I (1810-1828), conqueror of much of Madagascar, the initial significant developments for a royal residence took place.

Andafiavaratra Palace

The Andafiavaratra Palace, or Andafiavaratra Palace Museum, is a historic monument in Antananarivo, Madagascar. Situated on the highest hill near the royal palace, it served as the residence of Prime Minister Rainilaiarivony in the late 19th century.

Designed in 1872 by British architect William Pool, the stone palace housed important historical artifacts rescued from the Rova d’Antananarivo after a fire in 1995. Now a museum, the building exhibits 1,466 objects of significance to the Kingdom of Madagascar. The restoration efforts prioritize preserving this national heritage.

Independence Avenue

Independence Avenue, a bustling thoroughfare, pulses with the heartbeat of modern Antananarivo while retaining traces of its historical roots. Lined with vibrant markets and shops, this avenue is a living testament to the city’s ability to seamlessly merge the old and the new.

Monument aux Morts

The Monument aux Morts, a solemn tribute to fallen heroes, stands as a poignant reminder of Madagascar’s resilience. This memorial, adorned with symbolic sculptures, invites contemplation on the sacrifices made for freedom. Its presence enriches Antananarivo with a sense of honor and gratitude for those who shaped the nation’s destiny.

Museums and Galleries

Museums and Galleries
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Pirate Museum of Antananarivo

Unravel the maritime history of Madagascar at the Pirate Museum. Beyond the tales of swashbuckling adventures, this museum delves into the island’s naval heritage. Exhibits narrate the stories of legendary pirates who once sailed the Indian Ocean, leaving an indelible mark on Madagascar’s coastal narrative.

Maison de Jean Laborde

Step into Maison de Jean Laborde, a historical gem echoing the tales of a bygone era. This residence, once belonging to a prominent 19th-century figure, offers a glimpse into colonial life. With its preserved artifacts and architectural charm, the museum stands as a living chronicle, preserving the essence of a unique period in Madagascar’s history.

Madagascar Photography Museum

The Museum of Photography in Madagascar, established in 2013, showcases digitized photos from 1860 to 1960. Originally online, it opened a physical space in 2018, preserving Madagascar’s photographic heritage. The museum, dedicated to shaping history and fostering cultural understanding, features thematic films, contemporary photographers, and a café.

Housed in the former mayors’ residence (1897-1977), chosen for its historical significance, the move from virtual to physical space was prompted by a social media community’s desire. Documentaries reflect the museum’s commitment to varied museographic approaches.

Is’Art Galerie

Is’Art Galerie stands as a testament to the city’s commitment to fostering contemporary art. A dynamic space where creativity knows no bounds, this gallery showcases the avant-garde expressions of local and international artists.

Galerie Mikea

Galerie Mikea is an artistic rendezvous, celebrating the fusion of tradition and innovation. The gallery showcases a myriad of artistic expressions, from traditional Malagasy crafts to contemporary installations. It’s a space where creativity knows no boundaries, providing a platform for artists to showcase their unique perspectives.

Madagascar National Museum

The Museum of Art and Archaeology at the University of Madagascar, also known as the Institute of Civilizations, Museum of Art and Archaeology, located in Antananarivo, Madagascar, showcases a diverse collection of ethnographic and archaeological items.

Established in 1970 and managed by the University of Antananarivo, the museum aims to preserve cultural heritage and restore historical sites. The building, formerly a maternity ward, is a central city museum renowned for its extensive collection and public accessibility, with around 3,000 books and 1,500 illustrations.

Parks and Natural Attractions

Parks and Natural Attractions
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Lac Anosy

The Anosy Lake, located south of Antananarivo, Madagascar, was originally a pre-colonial swamp transformed during the reign of Andrianjaka in the 17th century. The central island, known as “Queen’s Island,” was developed by Malagasy sovereigns with royal residences. In the early 20th century, it served as a venue for folklore performances.

After World War I, the lake was incorporated into the urban development plan of Greater Antananarivo. A war memorial, erected in 1924, symbolizes the shared history between France and Madagascar, illustrating tensions between colonization and Malagasy nationalism.

Parc Soavinandriamanitra

Parc Soavinandriamanitra, a verdant haven, beckons nature enthusiasts to explore its lush trails and vibrant flora. The park seamlessly blends indigenous plant life with carefully curated landscapes, creating a botanical symphony.


Isoraka, perched on a city hill, encapsulates the essence of old Tananarive from the late 19th century. Accessed through steep cobbled streets, it unveils charming spaces with traditional bourgeois houses, showcasing a transitional era as “Tana” embraced new lifestyles.

Dating to the early 20th century, the buildings exhibit highly decorated red brick facades, forming a diverse and romantic space. Isoraka, akin to Montmartre in Paris, boasts guesthouses, quaint hotels, trendy restaurants, and cobblestone streets with typical Tana shops.

Tsarasaotra Park

Tsarasaotra Park, a private family-owned sanctuary in Antananarivo, Madagascar, stands out as the world’s sole Ramsar-classified park owned by individuals. Covering 27 hectares, it features a wetland section, Alarobia or Tsarasaotra, protected by the Ramsar Convention, providing a haven for bird species threatened by urbanization.

This Ramsar site hosts 14 bird species, including the endangered Madagascar Pond Heron, Meller’s Duck, and Madagascar Grebe. The park also showcases diverse plant life, meeting Ramsar standards, and necessitates a well-organized visit of at least two hours to explore its rich biodiversity.

Lemurs’ Park

Lemurs’ Park, near Madagascar’s capital, protects lemurs through rescue, rehab, and reintroduction. Spanning 5 hectares, it houses 9 lemur species and 70+ plants, 40 unique to Madagascar. It partners with institutions for conservation efforts, including planting 11,000 trees. Educational visits for students promote environmental awareness and lemur importance.

Nosy Soa Park (63 km from Antananarivo)

Located 63 km from Antananarivo on Mantasoa Island, Nosy Soa Park is a zoological garden like no other. This sanctuary is home to a variety of fascinating animals, including lemurs, tortoises, frogs, chameleons, and birds. The flora is equally impressive, with rare orchids, fruit trees, medicinal plants, and precious woods.

Reserve Peyrieras Madagascar Exotic (75 km east of Antananarivo)

Embark on a journey 75 km east of Antananarivo to discover the Reserve Peyrieras Madagascar Exotic. This reserve is a biodiversity hotspot, housing a kaleidoscope of chameleons, butterflies, and other exotic species. A guided tour unveils the wonders of Madagascar’s wildlife, making it a must-visit for nature enthusiasts.

Croc Farm

Delve into the wild at Croc Farm, an intriguing blend of conservation and education. This farm provides a close encounter with crocodiles and other reptiles, fostering awareness about these fascinating creatures. An educational visit awaits those curious about Madagascar’s reptilian inhabitants.

Tsimbazaza Zoo and Botanical Gardens

Tsimbazaza Zoo and Botanical Gardens invite visitors to explore Madagascar’s rich fauna and flora. From lemurs to exotic plant species, this zoo and botanical haven offer a captivating journey through the island’s biodiversity. Stroll through shaded pathways, discovering the diverse ecosystems that thrive within the heart of Antananarivo.

Events and Festivals

Events and Festivals
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Fête de la Musique

The rhythmic heart of Antananarivo pulsates during the Fête de la Musique, a celebration of sound that transcends boundaries. This annual music festival transforms the streets into a melodic haven, showcasing diverse genres and talents. From traditional Malagasy rhythms to contemporary beats, Fête de la Musique echoes the harmonious spirit that defines the city.

Rencontres du Film Court

Cinematic narratives unfold at Rencontres du Film Court, an event that spotlights the art of short films. This festival provides a platform for local and international filmmakers to showcase their creativity. Attendees are invited to delve into captivating narratives, exploring diverse perspectives and storytelling techniques that enrich the cultural fabric of Antananarivo.


For aficionados of jazz and world music, Madajazzcar is a rhythmic journey that echoes through the streets of Antananarivo. This annual jazz festival attracts both local and international talents, creating a fusion of sounds that reverberate across the city. Madajazzcar is not just a musical event; it’s an exploration of cultural diversity through the universal language of music.

Markets and Culinary Experiences

Markets and Culinary Experiences
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Markets of Antananarivo

Explore the vibrant markets that pulse with the heartbeat of Antananarivo’s daily life. Analakely Market, Andravoahangy’s open-air markets, Antananarivo Flower Market, and Digue Market form a lively tapestry of colors and scents. Engage with local vendors, navigating the bustling alleys to discover an array of goods, from fresh produce to handmade crafts. These markets encapsulate the dynamic essence of the city, where the exchange of goods becomes a cultural dance.

Culinary Experiences of Antananarivo

Antananarivo’s culinary scene is a fusion of traditional flavors and innovative delights. Indulge in the rich gastronomic heritage as you savor local delicacies. From street food stalls offering delectable snacks to cozy eateries serving Malagasy specialties, every culinary corner tells a story.

Transport and Accommodation in Antananarivo

Transport and Accommodation in Antananarivo
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Transportation in Antananarivo

Navigating the vibrant streets of Antananarivo is an adventure in itself. Opt for the colorful local taxis, known as “pousse-pousse,” for a unique and immersive city tour. These hand-pulled rickshaws allow you to absorb the local charm as you wind through the city’s dynamic landscape. Additionally, reliable public buses and private taxis offer convenient options for exploring the capital’s diverse neighborhoods and attractions.

Accommodation in Antananarivo

Antananarivo welcomes visitors with a range of accommodation options that reflect the city’s eclectic charm. Boutique hotels in the city center provide a cozy retreat, blending modern amenities with Malagasy hospitality. For those seeking a more immersive experience, guesthouses in residential neighborhoods offer a glimpse into local life. Alternatively, upscale hotels cater to those desiring luxury and comfort.


As our exploration of Antananarivo, Madagascar‘s capital, draws to a close, we’ve uncovered a tapestry of experiences that define this vibrant city. From the regal echoes at the Royal Hill of Ambohimanga to the captivating stories within museums like the Pirate Museum, Antananarivo unfolds as a cultural gem.

The natural sanctuaries, dynamic markets, and lively festivals showcase the city’s diverse spirit. As you immerse yourself in Lemurs’ Park or traverse the historic streets, Antananarivo‘s unique charm leaves an indelible mark.

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